Microplastics Found in Marine Mammals

Marine mammals such as dolphins and seals are found ingesting microplastics. Microplastics were found in the guts of all the marine animals (50 individuals and 10 species) studied according to the authors.

Figure: (a) Photographic examples of microplastics found in marine mammal digestive tracts (i) Nylon; (ii) Polyethylene; (iii) Polyethylene terephthalate (PET); (iv) Phenoxy resin (b) proportion of particle colours found in all animals (c) size ranges of particles found in all animals. Note: a small proportion of fibres were larger than 5 mm but were not macroscopically visible and are included here. (d) the proportion of polymer types found. (Source: Figure 1 (Nelms et al., 2019))

Source: Nelms SE, Barnett J, Brownlow A, Davison NJ, Deaville R, Galloway TS, Lindeque PK, Santillo D, Godley BJ, 2019. Microplastics in marine mammals stranded around the British coast: ubiquitous but transitory?Scientific Reports 9: 1075.



Worst marine pollution!


Autonomous Vehicles

Pseudo-nitzschia BLOOMS

Blooms of toxic diatom Pseudo-nitzschia species are causing noxious marine ecosystem impacts to many global coastal areas (2016).

Lower Narragansett Bay (USA) Closed to Shellfishing on Oct 21, 2016.

Best Presentation Award

Award LLP

Team HABs member Lay Peng being awarded with Soka University Best Presentation Award at IPCB 2014 by the President of Soka University (27 Aug 2014).

LLP Presentation

Lay Peng’s presentation.

Bloom-Forming Phytoplankton Taxonomy Workshop

 The workshop is a five-day program which provides training in the taxonomy, identification and ecology of various bloom-forming phytoplankton species.

For details: Harmful Phytoplankton Taxonomy Workshop



Massive Fish Kills along East Johor Straits, Singapore

Lots of fishes found dead at fish farms along the East Johor Straits. Estimated economical loss of more than S$3 million. (Hu, J 2014).

Most probably caused by harmfull algal blooms.

Ref: Hu, Jielan, Farms along East Johor Straits report fish mortality. Singapore news, 10 Feb 2014. Web. 9 Feb 2014 <>

Fish Kills at Bishan-Ang Mo Kio (SG)

Hunderds of dead fish were found at Bishan-Ang Mo Kio park river, Singapore on Feb 4, 2014.

Photo: Dead fish found at Bishan-Ang Mo Kio park river (Straits Times; D. Ee). (Ref:

16th International Conference on Harmful Algae

16th International Conference on Harmful Algae (ICHA)

Venue: Convention Centre, Wellington City, New Zealand

Date: 27 - 31 October 2014


Climate Change in Singapore

Recent change in rainfall pattern and regular heavy rainfall in Singapore has caused drastic drop in salinity of our coastal waters.


© Team HABs 2019